ASK THE AGRONOMIST BLOG

Stine’s Ask the Agronomist blog is your source to the latest information from our expert team, including advice and insight on field practices, product recommendations, planting and harvest updates, new technologies, crop management, innovative research and information about how to keep your farm operation running smoothly year round. 

  • Stine Harvest Roundup: Part 1
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    Stine Harvest Roundup: Part 1

    October 17, 2018

    Posted by Stine Seed in Harvest

    Heavy and frequent rains, early snow accumulation and even a hurricane have delayed harvest for some growers this fall. However, many areas of the United States are still moving along. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service’s Crop Progress Report this week, 39 percent of the corn crop is out versus 27 percent at this time last year. Corn conditions are listed as 21 percent in excellent condition, 47 percent good, 20 percent fair and 12 percent poor to very poor. Soybean harvest is a bit behind schedule compared to last year, with 38 percent harvested as of October 14 compared to 47 percent at this time last year. Soybean conditions are listed as 18 percent excellent, 48 percent good, 23 percent fair and 11 percent poor to very poor. Harvest updates have also been coming in from Stine growers across the country. Here’s what a few of our regional sales agronomists have to report from their regions. 

    Justin Oden, Region 1 (central Minnesota and west central Wisconsin)
    With all the rain and now snow in Region 1, we have very few farmers who have gotten into the fields in Minnesota and Wisconsin. In fact, the image in the header of this article was taken by long-time Stine dealer Dale Evers near Windom, Minnesota. It’s going to be a late harvest for Region 1.

    Mike Eckels, Region 8 (north and central Missouri)
    Corn is close to 85 percent completed, with yields all over the board. It really depended where growers had rain. Around the Bethany, Missouri, area, it was very dry, so yields were around 30 to 125 bushels per acre. Sedalia area yields improved because they had more rain, ranging from 125 to 200 bushels per acre. St Charles saw 130 to 220 bushels per acre. With a lot of these yield differences being in the same fields, Stine® 9808E-20, 9734-G, 9709G and 9814-10 have all been doing well.

    On the soybean side, it is extremely wet across the whole state so about 15 percent of soybeans are harvested. Stine 36LE02, 38LE02, 41LF32 and 42LF02 continue to yield very well for us. The later maturities with the later rains have seen big yield jumps.

    Kevin Ryan, Region 14 (Mid-South)
    I would estimate that corn and rice harvest are close to 95 percent complete. Cotton is not far behind. There are still quite a few soybeans left in all areas because of rains in the past week. Corn yields have been averaging about 20 bushels per acre below last year’s record yields, more than likely because of delayed planting and high nighttime temperatures this summer. Soybean yields, on the other hand, have been higher than expected.

    Bill Kessinger, Region 16 (north central Indiana, southwestern Indiana and northwestern Ohio)
    We are wet in Indiana and Ohio. We are behind on harvest, with many farmers about one-third done with corn and one-third done with soybeans. However, yields have been exceptional on both corn and soybeans, so there is a plus side to being behind. The next two weeks look to be below normal temps with only small chances of rainfall for a couple of days. We may have to put on our winter gear, but we’ll hopefully get some harvesting done.

    Jason Green, Region 18 (southwestern Indiana, southeastern Illinois and northwestern Kentucky)
    Region 18 is a tale of three states. In southeastern Illinois, corn is 75 percent harvested and soybeans are more than 50 percent harvested. In southwestern Indiana, corn is around 25 percent harvested with about 10 percent soybeans harvested. In Kentucky, the western side of the state is almost finished with corn harvest with about 25 percent of soybeans harvested, and the central part of the state is only 30 percent completed with corn and 10 percent on soybeans. Corn yields have been above average, with Stine 9709 and 9814 leading the way.  Soybeans are yielding average to slightly above, and excitement is high with the new LibertyLink® GT27 offering from Stine for 2019. 

    Stay tuned next week for more harvest updates from Stine regional sales agronomists.

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    Stine® HP Corn® for Top End Yields

    October 10, 2018

    Posted by Justin Oden in Products

    Stine® HP Corn® has many benefits, most of which can be directly attributed to outstanding genetics. Through Stine’s corn breeding program, we’re able to create genetically unique inbreds to custom build HP Corn hybrids ideally suited for high-population, narrow-row planting.

    Stine HP Corn hybrids are bred for high-stress situations. One characteristic is the plant structure. Shorter plants give HP Corn the advantage of standability and make them more wind resistant. With less biomass, they also leave behind less debris and make more efficient use of nutrients and water. The leaves grow upright versus the typical horizontal pattern, which allows them to capture more sunlight and make room for more plants, sometimes upwards of 10,000–12,000 per acre when planted in narrow rows.

    One area we’re really seeing great success from in Wisconsin and Minnesota is the advantage of HP Corn for silage. In particular, the increase in total digestible nutrients (TDNs). With shorter plants that are built to withstand increased pressures, there’s a lot less lignin, a non-digestible element of the corn plant. With more plants, you also get more ears per acre, which is where most of the TDN comes from. Stalks are typically used as more of a filler for silage. The higher the TDN, the more milk per ton is generated for milk production.

    In 2016, we had a grower win the Wisconsin Corn Growers Association Corn Yield Contest with Stine 9538-20 brand corn, one of our HP Corn numbers. The grower boosted the population to 45,000 plants per acre and had originally planned to use the field for silage. But, after running through the field and seeing the yield checks, he turned it into a row crop instead. He won the whole state with 303 bushels per acre. Another HP Corn product I’ve seen really perform in my region is Stine 9316-20, which feature both glyphosate and glufosinate tolerance and works well on all soil types, including for silage and row crop.

    We look forward to seeing results from HP Corn this harvest season. For questions about Stine’s lineup of HP Corn for 2019 and how high-population, narrow-row corn can work for your operation, please contact your local Stine sales rep.

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    Salt Includer vs. Salt Excluder Soybeans

    October 03, 2018

    Posted by Mike Smith in Products

    A few years ago, we started including salt includer and salt excluder scores in the Stine Seed Catalog, which has prompted growers to ask about the difference between the two scores. The easiest way to explain is to differentiate the characteristics between salt includer and salt excluder soybeans.

    A salt includer is a “normal” soybean. These soybeans will quickly translocate salt or chloride to the top portion of the plant or the new growing points. This typically causes chlorosis or yellowing and often stops plants from growing, which leads to stunting and reduced yield.

    Salt excluder soybeans have a gene that enables them to segregate and exude the chloride to keep the plant from stunting and causing reduced yields. This is important in areas where salty irrigation water is used or near the coasts. It can also be beneficial in soils that are considered sodic or have spots of high salinity that tend to cause stunting and chlorosis of soybeans.

    While the majority of soybeans in our 2019 lineup are salt includers, we do have a number of options available for growers who need salt excluder soybeans. Ask your Stine sales rep to show you the lines we have available in our Stine® GT27™, LibertyLink® GT27, Enlist E3™, Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® and Roundup Ready 2 Yield® trait packages.