ASK THE AGRONOMIST BLOG

Stine’s Ask the Agronomist blog is your source to the latest information from our expert team, including advice and insight on field practices, product recommendations, planting and harvest updates, new technologies, crop management, innovative research and information about how to keep your farm operation running smoothly year round. 

  • Stine® harvest roundup: Part 2
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    Stine® harvest roundup: Part 2

    October 21, 2021

    Posted by Stine Seed in Harvest

    This week’s Crop Progress Report notes that 52% of corn has been harvested, up from 41% last week. Soybean harvest is 60% complete, up from 49% last week. From impressive yields with Stine brand Enlist E3® soybeans to corn hybrids that are leading the field, here’s another round of what our RSAs are saying about crop conditions and harvest progress throughout the country.

    RSA Brett Johnson, Region 6, southeast and east-central Iowa
    Harvest has been difficult in Region 6 for the past few weeks. We’ve had some corn but mostly soybeans come out recently. Soybean yields have been very impressive, while corn yields are reflecting the weather pattern they received during the growing season. Enlist E3 soybeans are yielding very well and are gaining a lot of attention in the countryside. It’s very common to hear field averages in the 70s this year. On the corn side (what has been taken out), we are seeing better than expected yields in areas that typically struggle, but below-average yields in portions of southeast Iowa due to too much rain and hail.

    RSA Aaron Stockton, Region 9, southeast Kansas and southwest Missouri
    Corn harvest in southeast Kansas and southwest Missouri is pretty well wrapped up for the most part. We saw some very good yields in these areas, which was a little surprising considering how rough our start was with all the rain we received. As you move north, closer to I-70, there is a little more corn to be harvested.  The yields have been good in these areas as well, especially with the full-season hybrids like Stine 9808E-20 and 9814-20. Soybean harvest has just kicked off for most of the region. We are seeing some average to above-average yields coming in so far, but we still have a long way to go and have some great-looking fields out there. All in all, it has been a pretty good harvest so far!

    RSA Brad Roberts, Region 17, southern and central Indiana
    Harvest has been slow for most of Region 17 over the past couple of weeks. Some areas have missed rains while others are at a standstill waiting for things to dry up. Yields have been better than average for most of the harvested corn. Stine 9808E-G brand corn is still the leader for our customers in the region. Soybean yields vary depending on what area you are in. Growers in the northern part of the region are reporting average to slightly below average yields because of some hot, dry weather late in the season, but customers in the southwestern part of the region are reporting some big yields with our Enlist E3 products. I received a report of a grower having close to 100-bushel field averages with our 36EA02 soybeans.

    RSA Ben Wilson, Region 18, western Kentucky, western Tennessee, southern Illinois and southeast Missouri
    Harvest continues to roll throughout the territory with most growers seeing the light at the end of the tunnel on corn. Soybeans are starting to crank up for most as well, and yields have been phenomenal. Stine brand Enlist soybeans have generated a lot of buzz in the community with exceptional yields being reported throughout the territory.

    RSA Darrin Petty, Region 20, southwest Iowa, northwest Missouri, northeast and north-central Kansas
    In southwest Iowa, we’re about 50% complete with soybean harvest. Some white mold set in on some acres, otherwise, yields are looking really well. Depending on the area, we’re seeing anywhere from 55 to 90 bushels/acre. Some growers are seeing record yields. We’re just getting into the corn, but what has come out so far has been good.

    In northwest Missouri, we’re also about 50% complete with soybean harvest. Yields are variable depending on this year’s rainfall, and some areas are seeing record yields.

    Northeast and north-central Kansas are about two-thirds done with corn harvest. Again, some variable yields out there but what has been harvested has been good. We’re just starting in on the soybeans now.  

    To learn more about how Stine products are performing in your region or to learn about next year’s corn and soybean lineup, contact your local Stine sales rep.

     

  • Stine® harvest roundup: Part 1
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    Stine® harvest roundup: Part 1

    October 14, 2021

    Posted by Stine Seed in Harvest

    Harvest is full speed ahead throughout the country. The Oct. 12 Crop Progress Report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service states that 41% of the nation’s corn crop and 49% of soybeans are harvested. Corn conditions are listed as 15% excellent, 45% good, 25% fair, 10% poor and 5% very poor. Soybean conditions are listed as 13% excellent, 46% good, 27% fair, 10% poor and 4% very poor. Reports from Stine regional sales agronomists (RSA) are also funneling in. Here’s what our RSAs are saying about crop conditions and harvest progress throughout the Midwest, Delta South and more.

    RSA Jason Ashley, Region 1, central Minnesota
    Corn and soybean harvest has been in full swing for several weeks in my region. While central Minnesota was hit by the drought this summer, some timely rains have been beneficial to the farmers. We are seeing some extremely good soybean yields this year. My largest growers, who farm 9,000 acres of Enlist E3® soybeans, have indicated that this is their best soybean harvest ever; this is something we are very proud of! We are seeing some very good yields on our corn as well, but the farther north in my region you go, the more the drought affected yields. Our corn in most areas seems to show good drought tolerance and standability.

    RSA Mike Eckels, Region 8, central and northeast Missouri
    Region 8 is 60% done with corn, with Stine brand 9808E-20, 9746-20, 9734-20 and 9728-20 doing well, especially with all the rain we had in some areas. Plus, small areas of drought.

    On the soybean side, they are about 40% done, with Enlist E3 soybeans looking very well on yield. They’re also the cleanest of the fields. Varieties that have shined on yields are Stine brand 36EA02, 36EB20, 39EA02 and 40EB22. The later maturities are still in the fields but look good. With the variable weather conditions this summer, overtreatment of soybeans has paid off this year in Missouri.

    RSA Jake Anderson, Region 12, western Illinois
    We’re about a month into harvest. The weather has been beautiful, and a lot was getting done up until last week when we started getting rain. The off-and-on wet weather has put soybeans on hold, but some areas are still running on corn. Tar spot pressure was the worst we’ve seen yet in this part of Illinois, which led to early maturation/death of corn. Fungicide paid big this year. I think corn yields, in general, are off by 15 to 30 bushels compared to our optimistic expectations but are still for the most part satisfactory. Adequate moisture during the growing season has resulted in excellent soybean yields across most of the region. Reports of 75-to-80-bushel soybeans are common. The forecast looks good going into next week! 

    RSA Kevin Krabel, Region 13, central Illinois
    Harvest was in full swing in Region 13 until some rains came through recently, which have slowed things down to a crawl. I’ve talked to a lot of growers who have all their corn shelled and are just waiting to cut the rest of their soybeans. Yields for our Stine Enlist E3 soybeans have been impressive. I’ve fielded multiple calls from dealers and ISRs telling me that their grower(s) told them these soybeans are the best they have ever grown! Stine brand 31EB02, 34EA12 and 36EB32 soybeans have been leading the pack. We are still waiting to hear how some of the later group 3 beans turn out, but we are expecting them to perform great. Yields on Stine corn have also been positive this year so far. The 9808 hybrid lineup (-0, -G, -20) continues to do well in our area.

    RSA Kevin Ryan, Region 14, Delta South
    Corn and rice harvest are basically done in both Arkansas and Louisiana. Yields are good to very good. Growers are still impressed with Stine’s -G hybrids, including 9808E-G and 9709-G.

    Early soybean yields are outstanding, and we are proving that the neighbor-friendly Stine Enlist E3 soybeans will yield compared to any Xtend or XtendFlex® soybeans.

    RSA Todd Oliver, Region 27, Kansas, Texas and Oklahoma
    In the southern part of the region, harvest has been over for about three months. Dryland yields were average for us. Harvest is wrapping up in the central part of the region and in full swing in the Texas Panhandle and Oklahoma. Irrigated yields have been good, running about 250 to 300 bushels/acre on corn. Soybean yields in Oklahoma, Kansas and the Texas Panhandle were good with a couple of fields in the 85 bushels/acre range.

    We will start planting the first week of January in the Rio Grande Valley and February for the Coastal Bend. Land prep is underway. Acres are still up in the air due to very high cotton prices.

    To learn more about how Stine products are performing in your region or to learn about next year’s corn and soybean lineup, contact your local Stine sales rep.

  • Be on the Lookout for These Late-Season Diseases
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    Be on the Lookout for These Late-Season Diseases

    October 07, 2021

    Posted by Stine Seed in Crop Management

    A wet spring in Ohio. A season-long drought in the central and northern Corn Belt. Mother Nature provided all forms of weather for us this growing season. Unfortunately, those unfavorable conditions have led to a handful of late-season diseases that are starting to rear their inconvenient heads as harvest begins.  

    Tar Spot
    Tar spot is a fungal disease that affects corn. It appears as small raised black spots on the leaves and husks of plants that sometimes can produce fisheye-like lesions. While it can often be confused with corn rust, one way to distinguish tar spot from other diseases is that the black spots will not rub off at the touch. That said, it’s always best to work with your local extension experts or a lab to diagnose the disease.

    Unfortunately, tar spot can cause significant yield damage as infected plants can be prone to top leaf dieback, poor grain fill, compromised stalks and plant death. Tar spot this late in the season can lead to stalk rots and lodging, so it’s important to scout fields that may be impacted and perform the push/pinch test on your stalks to determine what fields need to come out first.  Tar spot tends to favor wet, humid climates, so growers who experienced wetter-than-normal growing conditions and long periods of humidity may have fields susceptible to the disease. Tar spot is also able to overwinter in the ground, so while growers may not be able to tackle the disease this late in the season, they must plan for next year by selecting a hybrid with a better tolerance rating to tar spot or exploring relevant seed treatments with added fungicides. And a best practice with all diseases: Rotating the crop to a non-corn related crop can help keep tar spot at bay.

    Stalk Rots
    Stalk rots in corn are common at this time of year and can include different types of rot, such as gibberella, fusarium, diplodia and charcoal rots. This biggest indicator of stalk rot is brittle stalks that may be discolored as the fungus takes hold. As we discussed in last week’s article, growers really need to scout their fields to check for areas where stalks may be compromised so that they can prioritize those affected fields for harvest. And if the plant does snap, bend or feel soft to the touch, it’s good practice to split the stalk open to check the severity of the fungi feeding on the structural tissues and lignin.

    Sudden Death Syndrome
    As Stine Regional Sales Agronomist Grant Collier recently reported in Ohio’s Country Journal, sudden death syndrome (SDS), which is considered “one of the top two most destructive soybean diseases in the U.S.,” is present in areas of the country. Its presence is worrisome this year in his region in Ohio as a combination of moisture with cool weather has exacerbated the fungus. He notes soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is often found in conjunction with SDS and may be another culprit of SDS.

    Symptoms of SDS include soft, rotten roots, discolored stems, fungus masses on the root, yellowing of leaves and leaf drop. While growers may not be able to do anything for SDS or SCN this season, selecting soybean varieties with both SDS and SCN resistance can slow the presence of the diseases in your fields next year. Stine has a number of varieties that are effective in controlling both diseases. Rotating to corn is also a good practice for minimizing risk, and as Grant notes, “minimizing tillage is essential to limiting the spread of SDS throughout your field, as well as SCN.”

    To learn more about what diseases can be present in your fields this fall and how to get ahead of these diseases next year, contact your local Stine sales rep.