ASK THE AGRONOMIST BLOG

Stine’s Ask the Agronomist blog is your source to the latest information from our expert team, including advice and insight on field practices, product recommendations, planting and harvest updates, new technologies, crop management, innovative research and information about how to keep your farm operation running smoothly year round. 

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    After Harvest, Plan to Optimize Yield in 2018

    November 15, 2017

    Posted by Amanda Oberg in Harvest

    Believe it or not, November is an important month for growers outside of harvest. It’s the time to make decisions that help dictate your yield in the coming year. Although we cannot control weather, or markets for that matter, you can take steps to ensure you get the best output from your soil under the conditions you are given.

    This month’s Farm Journal magazine notes that November is the number one seed buying month. I recommend meeting with your local Stine Seed representative to find the best seed fit for your soil needs.

    After you have your seed order lined up, the next item on your agenda should be fertility planning. Nutrient inputs are critical for optimal corn production. Soil testing will get you started on the right foot. Remember to base your fertilizer needs on realistic yield expectations. The goal should be to replace nutrients used by the previous crop to maintain nutrient balance. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are critical elements, and timing their input into your crops will help increase efficiency. 

    Nitrogen (N) — This should be applied according to the crop’s needs and will often involve split applications. Corn uses only 15 percent of required N from V5–V8 and will need the most at the V10 growth state, which is usually about 40 days after planting.

    Potassium (K) — This nutrient is an essential component for grain production. It is responsible for moving energy, including water, carbohydrates and nutrients, into the plant tissue. A lack of K in a plant may result in yellowing of leaves, stunted growth and less grain fill, ultimately affecting yield. Soybeans and heavy tillage contenders, like silage corn, will deplete the soil of K more so than other crops. On the other hand, moistened soil in the spring has proved to increase the availability of K. K can be applied in a pre-plant situation or a post plant.

    Phosphorus (P) — Essential for crop production, P encourages early plant vigor and overall plant health. After harvest, it’s important for growers to test their soils to determine the best placement of P as the nutrient is not mobile in crops, which limits plant uptake. There are a few placement options for growers to consider for their phosphorus fertilizer, including broadcast applications before planting and banding applications after planting.

    To learn more about Stine’s 2018 seed lineup and tips for nutrient applications this fall, contact your Stine sales rep.

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    Stine® 9734-0 Brand Corn: Setting the Bar for Conventional Hybrids

    November 08, 2017

    Posted by Stine Seed in Products

    When it comes to Stine’s 2017 harvest, we're seeing great yields from many of our corn and soybean numbers. On the conventional side, one hybrid that really stands out is Stine® 9734-0 brand corn.

    Stine 9734-0 brand corn is a 109–111-day relative maturity hybrid that features Stine conventional genetics. This hybrid has a medium plant height and medium ear placement with semi-flex ears. It has very good dry down and cold emergence with good test weight.

    Stine 9734-0 brand corn features excellent stocks and roots with phenomenal stress tolerance and leaf disease protection. It’s a top performer in all soil types and row configurations, including wider 30-inch rows and Stine’s Twin 20-inch row configuration, and it’s an excellent full-season hybrid with northern movement.  

    To learn more about Stine 9734-0 brand corn, contact your local Stine sales representative or visit our website.

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    Stine Harvest Roundup: Part 2

    November 01, 2017

    Posted by Stine Seed in Harvest

    Last week, we featured harvest updates from Stine Regions 2, 3, 7, 8 and 10. This week, Stine Regions 4, 5, 14, 17, 18 and 20 share their updates. From Kansas and the Delta South to Ohio and Illinois, Stine RSAs are seeing great results from Stine numbers this year.

    Region 4 (northwest Iowa and eastern Nebraska)
    RSA Todd Schomburg reports that the recent weather has moved harvest forward quickly. Soybean harvest is 95 to 100 percent complete, with corn harvest around 50 to 75 percent finished. As you go north and west in Region 4, corn harvest is a bit slower because those areas have had more rain the last few weeks.

    Region 5 (southern Nebraska, southwest Iowa, northeast Colorado)
    RSA Chad Kuehl says Region 5 had a late start to harvest but they’re probably 75 percent finished. The last week and a half brought some challenges with weather and strong winds, sometimes gusting up to 50+ miles per hour along with some light snow.

    Chad has heard a lot of positive things about our Stine® LibertyLink® and Stine GT 27 soybeans, especially with Stine 26BA32 and 28BA02. On the corn side, it’s been another great year for Stine 9734 and 9808E, which have been very consistent and reliable over the past few years. 

    Region 14 (Tennessee, southeast Missouri, east central Arkansas, north central Mississippi, northern Alabama and parts of Louisiana)
    RSA Kevin Ryan reports that corn harvest in the mid-South is almost complete. Corn yields have been average to slightly above average. Higher-than-expected yields were seen in conventional and glyphosate-tolerant corn as compared to insect-traited corn. Insect pressure may have been less this year, but profitability per acre on non-insect-traited acres was higher than expected. More growers are seeing the benefits of increasing populations, narrowing row spacing and adding corn to their crop rotation.

    Soybean harvest varies widely from 30 percent complete in the northern region to 90 percent complete in southern areas, such as Louisiana and the Delta South. Soybean yields have been well above average and, in most cases, better than expected. Some disease pressure from early rains or late hurricane rain caused yield reductions in a few cases. Soybean yields of all traits and conventional varieties seem much more consistent. There appears to be little or no correlation in yield by trait. Overall, we are extremely positive on soybean yields across the board in the mid-South.

    Region 17 (west central and southeastern Indiana, central and southern Ohio and parts of Kentucky)
    RSA Doug Score reports that Region 17 has approximately 40 percent of the corn shelled and 85 percent of the soybeans cut. With the cool/wet forecast continuing, we will likely see minimal progress this week.

    Most of the region dealt with a worst-case scenario growing season, with damaging rains throughout the first half of the growing season. This was followed by very little precipitation the last half of the growing season. So, growers who spent money on field drainage are reaping their rewards this fall. Many field average yields are affected by the percent lost to flooding or saturated soils. Considering those obstacles, Doug notes he’s impressed with Stine genetics and the products’ abilities to overcome these challenges. 

    Region 18 (southwest Indiana, northwest Kentucky and southeast Illinois)
    RSA Jason Green says harvest is in full swing in all three states of Region 18. With the recent turn in the weather, soybean harvest has slowed down and most farmers are putting corn in the bin. Soybean harvest is about 70 percent complete. Yield from the early soybeans has been outstanding in all areas. Leading the way are Stine 36LE32 and 38LE02 in the LibertyLink lineup. Also, the new Stine GT 27 lineup stands out, with Stine 34BA20 leading the pack.

    Corn harvest is about 50 percent complete in Region 18. Yields have been very good in places that received timely rains. A Stine master plot was taken out in early September in western Kentucky with an average yield of 250 bushels per acre. Strong performers have been Stine 9709, 9714 and 9808E. 

    Region 20 (southwest Iowa, northwest Missouri, southeast Nebraska and northern Kansas)
    RSA Darrin Petty reports that harvest is off to a slow start because of rain. Soybean yields coming in so far are very good, with Stine 20RD20s averaging 75–80 bushels per acre, 28BA02s averaging 76–80 bushels per acre, 26BA32s averaging 74–76 bushels per acre, 25LH62s averaging 75 plus bushels per acre and 31LE32s averaging 69–75 bushels per acre. Stine GT 27 and LibertyLink beans look very good. 

    Not much corn has been taken out, so yields are slowly coming in, and they look competitive so far. Corn is looking great in northwest Kansas with very little rain there this year, especially Stine 9728E-G, 9808E-G, 9734E-20, 9734-20 and 9734-0 brand corn hybrids. Dry land and irrigated corn in north central Kansas are doing very well, with Stine 9734-20, 9734-G and 9538-20 standing out. Once the region dries out, everyone will be running hard.